Stabilization due to predator interference: comparison of different analysis approaches
We study the influence of the particular form of the functional response in two-dimensional predator-prey models with respect to the stability of the non-trivial equilibrium. This equilibrium is stable between its appearance at a transcritical bifurcation and its destabilization at a Hopf bifurcation giving rise to periodic behavior. Based on local bifurcation analysis we introduce a classification of stabilizing effects. The classical Rosenzweig-MacArthur model can be classified as weakly stabilizing, undergoing the paradox of enrichment, while the well-known Beddington-DeAngelis model can be classified as strongly stabilizing. Under certain conditions we obtain a complete stabilization resulting in an avoidance of limit cycles. Both models, in their
conventional formulation, are compared to a generalized, steady-state independent two-dimensional version of these models, based on a previously developed normalization method. We show explicitly how conventional and generalized models are related and how to interpret the results from the rather abstract stability analysis of generalized models.
Figure 1: Three-dimensional bifurcation diagram of the Beddington-DeAngelis model.